The histogram is a type of bar graph which is used to visually display the frequency or spread of data in a data set.
The check sheet is a structured data-recording tool. This generic tool is designed by users to facilitate, organize and track their interpretation of results. The check sheet is one of the seven basic quality tools.
Standard work is a detailed definition of the current agreed-upon steps needed for a person to complete one work cycle in the absolute best and most reliable method possible.
The STANDARDS Methodology is a simple 9 step process that can be used as a method for standardizing.
Outsourcing is the process of obtaining a good, service or information from an "outside" or foreign supplier. Outsourcing is used in place of "internal sourcing" and is not the same as "insourcing".
Downtime is the period of time during which a piece of equipment or a machine is not functional or can not work.
The nomogram is a computational aid which consists of two or more scales which are drawn and arranged so that results of calculations may be found by the linear connection points. The graph usually contains three parallel scales graduated for different variables so that when a straight line connects each value of any two, that value can be read directly from the third at the point of intersection.
Also Called: Alignment Chart
Bias is a term frequently used in forecasting and six sigma. Bias is the term used when a consistent deviation occurs from the mean/average.
Strategy is defined as a plan or method chosen to bring about a desired future. Such as; the achievement of a goal, objective, countermeasure or solution to a problem. In other words strategy reveals how you will inspire or marshal all of your resources to come together in an efficient and effective manner while working towards a defined mission or goal.
Statistical process control is the application of statistical techniques to monitor and adjust a process so that the process can perform at its full potential.
A standard is a rule, example or guideline of how to perform an activity correctly. Standards should be the best known way of performing, building or producing a product, task, process or service. All standards should set clear expectations.
The core values of an organization are the principles, fundamental beliefs and ethical guideposts that serve as guidelines for the organizations behaviors.
A Non-Value added activity is any activity that adds no value to the product, service or information. Non-value added activities typically have three characteristics that are fairly simple to identify.
Pareto’s concept suggests that most effects come from relatively few causes. To be even more specific Pareto’s concept suggests that 80% of effects are directly related to 20% of causes. The principle is often used in the narrowing down of choices and focusing in on priorities. To Learn more about Pareto's Concept visit our recent post in our blog entitled Listen to the Gemba, "The Pareto Chart." You can also learn more about the Pareto Chart and learn how to build your own in our Lean Six Sigma Yellow Belt Course.
Balance in terms of lean six sigma refers to the even distribution of work elements throughout an organization. A state of balance would be an organization that levels distribution of "hands" performing work and keeps equal or level working times amongst the different types of operations found within the organization.
See also: Heijunka
The seven management and planning tools are often referred to as the seven new tools. This set of tools was developed, tested and used by the Japanese Scientists and Engineers (JUSE). The seven new tools are:
The longitudinal scope refers to the “length” of a projects process. The most common method of defining the longitudinal scope is from “starting point to ending point.”
The output is the result of a process being applied to an input. It can be in the form of energy, work, goods, services or activities. The output is the result whether desired or undesired the output is simply the result of a process or function being applied to the input. Y=F(X) + ε, the Y is the output.
Block Scheduling is a scheduling technique where "blocks of time" are set aside to different tasks or projects, such as:
The fishbone diagram is a structured analysis tool used to organize potential causes associated with a specific effect.
Seasonality is the characteristic of data that is predictable and more often than not can be seen in predictable and repetitive patterns. The patterns can occur: annually (or longer), monthly, weekly, daily, hourly, by the minute, second or less if you can measure it.
The ©TREAT 1,2,3 methodology is a problem solving methodology used by Lean Strategies International LLC that when applied to processes (technical, methodological, philosophical) can effectively reveal root causes related to issues / problems or opportunities in a process and guide users towards solutions for a more stable, effective, efficient and value adding process.
RunTime is the time needed or required to process an item. It is part of the actual operations time and usually is defined or specified inside of the routing. The runtime is dependent on the volume or the qty of parts that you are producing.
Multiple Regression is a form of regression analysis that explains the relationship of "multiple" predictor or independent variables with one dependent variable.
Lead time is the total amount of time it takes from the initial receipt of a customer request for an order to the fulfillment of their request.
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