Cross-training, also known as multi-skills training, involves training employees for a flexible response to more than one of the company needs. Cross-Training frequently does this through developed training programs or giving an employee the opportunity to develop experience.
Cellular layouts are the optimal flow based layout. A cell is a close arrangement or setup of people, machines or workstations. The purpose of a cellular layout is to fulfill a processing sequence while simultaneously reducing wait times, transportation and other forms of muda. In addition to removing various forms of waste, cells are very effective and promote and facilitate effective flow. Cells can be in many different shapes and attempt to spread work evenly amongst the resources.
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