Order Cost is defined as; a direct labor cost that is incurred when an order is placed. Ordering costs are different from the “Order Costs”.
Opportunity costs are the opportunities that you may have missed out on as a result of a purchase you made. In other words it is the return on your investment that could have occurred had you chosen to invest in something else.
Organizational design is the formation of an organization's structure.
One piece flow is the concept behind the just-in-time system. An environment that operates in a One-piece flow fashion is when items or services are processed in one piece at a time.
Total Productive Maintenance can be a very powerful strategy in supporting the Just in Time System. In fact, it can be a powerful strategy in supporting any organization in general. The foundational measurement that is used in TPM is Overall Equipment Effectiveness. Overall Equipment Effectiveness or OEE as it is often referred to, is a key performance indicator used in the manufacturing industry to determine the efficiency of its plant operation. Most companies do not have a full understanding of their capacity on manufacturing equipment. OEE measures and makes your plants' effectiveness visual for everyone to see. You can then create actionable steps to improve quality and production, save time, and eliminate waste. It is important to note that OEE does not tell you what to improve, rather it is a gauge or a KPI to help you understand where to improve.
The easiest way to define overprocessing is doing more to a product than what the customer, specification or transformative process requires the first time through. Overprocessing is sometimes referred to as inappropriate processing because it includes steps that are not needed, extra handling, duplication of activities and processes that are just not statistically capable of producing the desired results.
Overproduction is one of the 8 major forms of waste. It occurs when materials, services or information are created earlier or in excess of the needed demand. Overproduction is oftentimes referred to as the deadliest form of waste because it directly causes and enlarges other forms of waste, while indirectly contributing to many others.
What is 100% Inspection?
100% inspection is just that, the act of checking or inspecting every single physical product or piece of information.
Outsourcing is the process of obtaining a good, service or information from an "outside" or foreign supplier. Outsourcing is used in place of "internal sourcing" and is not the same as "insourcing".
The output is the result of a process being applied to an input. It can be in the form of energy, work, goods, services or activities. The output is the result whether desired or undesired the output is simply the result of a process or function being applied to the input. Y=F(X) + ε, the Y is the output.
An open-ended question is an unstructured question in that suggests no possible answers. The respondent answers the open-ended question in his or her own words. Such questions usually begin with a:
Open-Ended Questions will almost always provide qualitative instead of quantitative information. Open ended questions are asked during exploratory research and where statistical validity is not a prime objective but, innovative and creative thinking is important.
Reference: Business Dictionary, Open-Ended Question.
Open ended questions are a great way to spark creative thoughts, establish a basis for communication and get to know other people. In the comments section below type 3 examples of open ended questions. Feel free to respond to others questions and get to know everyone!
Obeya or Oobeya refers to a form of project management and is a component of lean manufacturing. Even more specifically, the Toyota Production System. The obeya is a similar concept to a "bridge room" or a "war room."
During the product and process development, all individuals involved in managerial planning meet in Obeya to speed communication and decision-making. This is intended to reduce "departmental thinking" and improve other methods of communication which tend to introduce forms of waste into the process.
Conceptually akin to traditional “war rooms,” an Obeya will contain: visually engaging charts, graphs, milestones, progress, countermeasures and any other forms of critical information for attendees to make decisions accurately and efficiently.
Reference: Wikipedia - Obeya
The symbols shown above can be used to show the number of operators at a work center or in a process step on a value stream map.
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