A constraint is any factor or element such as cost, schedule and scope that prevents a system from performing at the highest level possible in relation to its objective. There are many types of constraints that prohibit performance. Continuous Improvement strategies such as: Lean, Six Sigma and the Theory of Constraints are effective ways to reduce or remove constraints.
1. Cost/ Resources
2. Schedule/ Time
3. Scope/ Quality
5. Policy or Procedure
Block Scheduling is a scheduling technique where "blocks of time" are set aside to different tasks or projects, such as:
Have you tried block scheduling?
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A cell, cellular layout or work cell is a close arrangement or setup of people, machines or workstations. The purpose of a cellular layout is to fulfill a processing sequence while simultaneously reducing wait times, transportation and other forms of muda. In addition to removing various forms of waste cells are very effective add promoting and facilitating effective flow. Cells can be in many different shapes and attempt to spread work evenly amongst the resources.
The balanced scorecard shows key metrics on a dashboard which provide key performance indicators and insight regarding four main areas of an organization: Financial, Customer, Internal Business Processes and Learning and Growth. The balanced scorecard is used in strategic planning and management in a wide variety of industries. For more in depth study of the balanced scorecard we recommend reading Dr. Robert Kaplan and Dr. David Norton's book titled The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action.
A standard that is set to monitor sales data for specific items in forecasting models. The standard is usually set to be tripped or triggered when the demand for a period is different from the forecast by more than some number of mean absolute deviations.
A Kaizen blitz is a rapid improvement event. It is designed to make a fast improvement or impact to an opportunity or an issue. A blitz will usually take place over a 1 to 5 day period, but could be as quick as a few minutes. This gives teams an opportunity to make rapid, quick improvements. A kaizen blitz may follow the 4 steps outlined in the PDCA cycle:
A cost driver is any factor or factors that causes a change (increase/decrease) in an activities cost. Activities often have more than one cost driver attached to them.
Functional layouts are by far the most common layout you will find in organizations. These layouts can be seen in how machines and people are positioned. A functional layout is a workplace configuration in which operations/processes are organized by the type of work (function) they do. For example, a manufacturing plant that has sanders in one area, saws in another and assembly in another is a functional layout. The machines are grouped according to the function they perform.
One piece flow is the concept behind the just-in-time system. An environment that operates in a One-piece flow fashion is when items or services are processed in one piece at a time. In other words, the items move directly from one process step to the next one piece at a time. One-piece flow drastically reduces lead times and improves quality by exposing abnormalities in processes.