In Lean Six Sigma, flow is the term used to refer to a production or service environment that continuously moves value through the value stream without interruptions. An environment that has flow would have very low levels of muda, muri and mura.
A functional layout is a workplace configuration in which operations/processes are organized by the type of work (function) rather than using a cellular or value stream approach. A functional layout can also be described as a structure of operations/processes based on a department's specialty (e.g. planning, production control, engineering, saw, lathe, mill). Functional layouts apply to both office and manufacturing environments.
The fishbone diagram is a structured analysis tool used to organize potential causes associated with a speciffic effect.
**Download your template today**
Finished goods are products or end items that are sold as a complete item or unit. These items are commonly subject to a customer order, sales order or purchase order that is linked directly to a customer.
First in First out is a method used in inventory valuation for accounting purposes. The method advocates the practice of using the oldest inventory item first, hense the name "first in" "first out." The principle is also applicable in maintaining precise sequence during and through the production of items because it ensures that the first part into a process or inventory location is also the first part to be used. The FIFO lane is one method of controling and regulating a pull system that is between two disconnected (decoupled) processes.
The future state is a reference to the aim of an individual, team or entire organization. It can be seen as technical, organizational and philosophical. A future state is something that will exist, happen or come to be in a hereafter time. When we speak of the future state in Lean and Six Sigma Strategies we speak of an improved current state. The Future State is not the ideal state but a realistic concept that helps guide you towards your ideal state or condition. Future states are accomplishable in the sense that you will move from current to future and then your future will become your new current condition.
A forecast is a prediction of something to come or in the future. A forecast would take place before any type of action or activity happens. Forecasts are almost always wrong but they can be used to define a hope-for, goal, target or condition that you believe is attainable based on analysis and assessment.
Examples of Forecast
1. Educated Guessing
For further learning on forecasting techniques the book entitled Forecasting Methods and Applications gives good insight.
First time yield is a metric used to determine how a process is performing in relation to the number of good parts or services it produces. The metric is more specifically used to measure the ratio of parts made correctly the first time through. First time through yield can help gauge whether or not a cell is making parts correctly the first time through. The first-time yield can be calculated by dividing the number of good, conforming products or services by the total number of products or services produced in the sample lot or batch. First time yield is also referred to as first pass yield.
Failure mode and effects analysis or FMEA as it is abbreviated is a tool used to identify possible failure modes of a process, product or design. FMEA also helps determine the overall impact of the failures on sub-items. The FMEA process establishes a measurement risk priority number that is often used in continuous improvement initiatives. Download a free template you can use for FMEA on the link below.
The 5S system is a visual workplace system that promotes safety, efficiency and teamwork while making abnormalities visible. The system is often confused as a cleaning method however the purpose of 5S is in fact to eliminate waste and create a safe working environment that supports TPM. The 5 major stages of 5S are:
2. Set in Order
The ABC's of