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Standard work in process is the minimum necessary level of items or materials needed to maintain the proper flow in a production environment.
It would be impossible to create a standard work environment without understanding what the minimum amount of inventory you need on hand to keep the line flowing is. You would have bottlenecks, constraints and issues all over. SWIP or standard work in process inventory is not the ideal. It essentially acts as a buffer of sorts so that lines can continue to flow if takt is not met or an issue pops up. The goal of course is to achieve true one piece flow. But, until then SWIP will help keep the lines moving.
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