Best Practices are a technique used in benchmarking. The technique measures similar items, activities or services and is used as a measurement or performance standard. Defining best practices is often used in continuous improvement to set new standards or improve on current practices.
A baseline refers to a measurement that establishes a basis for other future state measures. The baseline is usually the initial set of measurements, observations or data collected which is used for a comparison or a benchmark for improvements. It is sometimes referred to as as a current state.
Susan needed to be able to type 90 words per minute to qualify for the job she wanted. In order for her to see where she was at currently her husband established a baseline measurement by having her type as many words as she could in one minute. Susans average score was 94 words per minute.
Tim was tasked with improving the cycle time of the shops ID and Pack process. His goal was to improve the time by 2 minutes which would make the new cycle time 3 minutes from the baseline.
"Batching" or batch production is a technique used in both office and manufacturing environments. This type of production creates the object or activity over a series of workstations one stage at a time. The objects are created in "groups" or "batches."
Examples of Batch Production:
There are some advantages in using the batch production technique which include:
While there are some advantages mentioned above, the technique of batching also has some limitations attached to it which include:
Benchmarking is the practice of comparing one's own Organization or individual self against the performance of others that are best in class. The objective of benchmarking is to improve areas of performance, build relationships and share best practices. In general there are seven different types of benchmarking: competitive benchmarking, financial benchmarking, functional benchmarking, performance benchmarking, process benchmarking, product benchmarking and strategic benchmarking.
Balance in terms of lean six sigma refers to the even distribution of work elements throughout an organization. A state of balance would be an organization that levels distribution of "hands" performing work and keeps equal or level working times amongst the different types of operations found within the organization.
See also: Heijunka